How These Records Were Discovered 

Some time in the year 1856 while living in DeWitt, Missouri, a gentleman by the name of
H, C. Whydaman became snow-bound and stopped at my house several days. He was a
native of Germany, and one of the most learned men I had ever met. I found him to be
freely communicative. During his stay, he told me that he had spent five years in the city
of Rome, and most of the Time in the Vatican, where he saw a library containing five
hundred and sixty thousand volumes. He told me that he had seen and read the records of
Tiberius Caesar, and in what was called the Acta Pilati – that is, the acts of Pilat – he had
seen an account of the apprehension, trial, and crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth; but said
it did not add much to the commonly accepted teachings of Christianity, He told me he
thought a transcript could be secured. After Mr. Whydaman’s departure, I meditated upon
what he had told me of those records, and thought that if a transcript could be obtained it
would be very interesting, even if it did not add much to the present teachings of
Christianity. So, after some months I set about tracing up Mr. Whydaman, as the
following correspondence shows:

DeWitt, Carroll
Co., Mo., Sept. 22, 1856

Mr. Henry C. Whydaman.
Dear Sir: After you left my house last spring, I kept thinking of your tell- me me of
reading the acts of Pilate in the Vatican, while at Rome, I want you, if you please, to get
me a transcript of those records, if the cost will not be too much, Will you please open a
correspondence with some of your old friends at Rome that you can rely upon, and
ascertain if it can be obtained; and if so what will be the probable cost of getting it? I
shall be much obliged, and will pay you for your trouble and expense.

Yours in tender regards,
W. D. Mahan,
New York, Nov. 12, 1856

Mr. W. D. Mahan,
Dear Sir: Your letter as directed to II, C, Whydaman is received, I will inform you he has
returned to Germany. Your letter has been forwarded,

Yours, etc.,
C, C, Vantberger, March 2, 1857

Rev. W. D, Mahan,
Dear Sir: It is with the kindest regards I remembered your hospitality while with you in
America, Be assured, anything I can do for you will afford me great pleasure. I have
written to Father Freelinhusen, a monk of great learning, at Rome, who is the chief
uardian of the Vatican, I have made the request in my own name, as I do not think theywould be willing for such e document to go into the hands of the public. When he answers, I will write you again. I am, your most obedient servant,

H. C. Whydaman,
Westphalia, Germany,
Nov. 27, 1857

Rev. W. D. Mahan,
Dear Sir: Father Freelinhusen has answered my letter in regard to the transcript you want.
He informs me that the writing is so fine, and being in the Latin language, as I told you,
and the parchments so old and dirty, he will be obliged to use a glass to the most of it, He
can only give it in the Latin, as he does not understand the English. He says he will do it
for thirty-five darics, which will be in American coin sixty-two dollars and forty-four
cents, If you will forward the amount, I will have the document forwarded to my brotherin-law,
C. C, Vantberger, He will translate it for a trifle.

I am yours, in tender regards,
H. C, Whydaman.
Chillicothe, Mo, Feb. 8, 1858

Mr. H, C. Whydaman.
Dear Sir: Thanks to you for your kindness, and be assured, if I succeed, I shall ever feel
under obligations to you for your trouble. Enclosed, find a check on the Foreign
Exchange Bank of New York, for sixty-two dollars and forty-four cents. Please have the
work done, and urge Mr. Freelinhusen to have it a true copy of the original. Send it to Mr.
Vantberger, and have him to translate it into English, and I will pay the charges. He has
my address.

Yours, as ever,
W. D. Mahan,
Westphalia, Germany, June 14, 1858

Rev. W. D, Mahan,
Dear Sir: I acknowledge your draft of S62.44, Will apply as you request.

I am, sir,
H. C. Whydaman,

Mr. H. C. Whydaman.
Dear Sir: I hereby forward to you the transcript as it is on record in the Vatican in
Tiberius Caesar’s Court by Pilate. I certify this to be a true copy, word for word, as it
occurs there,

Yours, etc.
Peter Freelinhusen,
New York, April 26, 1859

Mr. W, D. Mahan,
Dear Sir: I am in possession of a document from H, C, Whydaman, with instructions to
translate it into English. My charge is ten dollars. I will expect an answer,

C. C. Vantberger.

Discovery of the Records
With this correspondence I received the following document, and I must confess that,
although it is not inspired, yet the words burned in my heart as the words of Christ in the
hearts of his disciples, and I am satisfied from the spirit it breathes that it must be true, I
am aware that though the Jews were in subjection to the Romans, yet they still held their
ecclesiastical authority, and the Romans not only submitted to their decisions, but
executed their decrees on their subjects, Knowing there was not such a piece of history to
be found in all the world, and being deeply interested myself, as also hundreds of others
to whom I have read it, I have concluded to give it to the public.

Upon getting hold of this report of Pilate, I commenced to investigate this subject, and
after many years of trial and the expenditure of considerable money, I found that there
were many of such records still preserved at the Vatican in Rome and at Constantinople,
that had been carried there by the Emperor of Rome about the middle of the third century.
I therefore procured the necessary assistance, and on September 21, 1883, I set sail for
those foreign lands to make the investigation in person.

Believing that no event of such importance to the world as the death of Jesus of Nazareth
could have transpired without some record being made of it by his enemies in their courts,
legislations, and histories, I commenced investigating the subject. After many years of
study, and after consulting various histories and corresponding with many scholars, I
received the assistance of two learned men, Drs, McIntosh and Twyman, and went to the
Vatican at Rome, and then to the Jewish Talmuds at Constantinople. As a result I have
compiled this book, which will be found one of the most strange and interesting books
ever read, It may appear fragmentary, but the reader must remember that it is the record
of men made nearly two thousand years ago.

It was some time in March 1856, that my mind was awakened on the subject of this book,
almost incidentally, or it may be providentially, for He sometimes chooses the weakest
things to confound the mighty. The reader is referred to the correspondence of H, C,
Whydaman and myself, as found in this book, In God’s providence sometimes very great
effects are produced from very small causes, Mr. Whydaman told me he had spent five
years in the Vatican at Rome, and in looking over the old manuscripts he came across the
records of Pilate made to Caesar, and in those records he saw where a man named Jesus
was arrested, tried, and executed; he read it carefully and reread it, and went back and
read it again.

I wondered how it was that such historians as Philo, Tacitus, Quintilian, and Josephus
had told us nothing or so little about Jesus of Nazareth, I asked all the wise men and
scholars I met, and they did not know; I then wrote to many scholars in Europe, and they
could not tell me, As I could find nothing very definite from the outside world, I began to
have my doubts, but came to the conclusion that the question was of too much
importance to allow my mind to be fixed without a thorough investigation, I went to our
histories – Mosheim, Lardner, Stackhouse, and others, They gave me no satisfaction, and
I thought to myself, is it possible that the character of such men as the early Christians,
and the wonderful excitement that they created in their day, could have been passed over
and no records made of them? When I remembered, too, that the Roman provinces in that
day were prolific with debaters, historians, and writers on all topics that were brought
before them, and that the records of the courts in those days were more carefully
preserved than they are now, and that even of the trial of Guiteau, who was not half as
conspicuous to the people of these United States as Jesus was to the Jewish nations, there
were hundreds of records made, I came to the conclusion that only Almighty God could
establish a cause so universally as the Christian religion was established in the hearts of
the people of this world, and scepter of Jesus governs this world today, when they had
comparatively little or no testimony from the outside world.

I consulted our histories in this country, and one said these records were burned in the
Alexandrian Library, I knew the Babylonian Talmuds were in this library, or at least most
of them were, but I also knew that the Talmuds of Jerusalem were not, I knew that when
the Romans conquered the Jews and destroyed their Holy City, temple and all, all the
sacred treasures were taken by the Romans and, I supposed, preserved.
Another historian says Gregory IX, burned all the sacred records.

A difficulty I met in consulting scholars on this subject was the claim that the Roman
monks had forged many manuscripts regarding Jesus Christ, in the middle ages, Now
they may have forged some things to sustain their peculiar views and doctrines,
something to sustain their Church; but there is nothing in this book to sustain Catholicism,
and if every word of it was forgotten it would add nothing to that Church more than to
any other Church. Then 1 remembered the Vatican library was one of the most extensive
in the world; it has cost millions of dollars. How did those forgers know that I or any
other man would come there and pay them a few dollars to get a transcript of those
records? It certainly would be a very poor speculation.

Another objection was that the manuscripts had been searched for by scholars and could
not be found. So I set myself to work, and after investigating all the authors in this
country, and writing to many scholars in Europe, and getting books from Libraries in the
old country, thus sparing no pains or expense I could not find or even hear of a man who
had ever investigated this subject. I found that Dr. Tischendorf made some investigation
in these ancient manuscripts, but he was looking for the manuscript of the Scriptures, and
might have seen many such things as this book holds and never have noticed them just
from the simple fact that he was not looking for them. He was looking for something else.
In the investigation of such subjects a man must have but one thing in his mind, and he
must be posted beforehand to know how and where to look, for the field is too large to
make his business general. I now challenge any scholar to show me the man who has
made this his special business, and made the effort that I have on this particular subject. I
am sure there is none.

The next great difficulty that I encountered was this. Could such manuscripts exist so
long? I found by investigating that Ptolemy, King of Alexandria, presented seventy books
to Ezra, which he refused to place in the Holy Canon, and it came very near bringing on a bloody war.
Again I found that Serenus Samnaticus, who was the teacher of M. Antonius Africanus,
son of Gordianus the Great, when he died, left his library, consisting of
sixty—two thousand volumes, to his student. This was in 36 AD I also remembered that
the works of Homer were more than five hundred years older than Christ, and that we had
the laws of Shammai, Abtalian, and the works of the Hillels all before us; and if
Tischendorf, in the convent of St. Catherine, could find slips and pieces of the Septuagint
that were declared at Leipsie to be of the fourth century I thought there might be a great
deal more somewhere in the vast libraries in those old countries that have thousands of
years the advantage of America. The literati could all tell how the manuscripts of the
Church might be, and were, preserved; but the records of its enemies even the records of
courts and crowns they could not see into.

Now the reader must remember that there never was anything that created so much
excitement in the land of Judea as the preaching of John the Baptist and Christ. This will
be readily understood if we take into consideration the structure of the Jewish
Commonwealth. The great Sanhedrim legislated for the souls and bodies of men; that is,
their religion and their politics were one and the same thing. In the capitulation made
with Augustus Caesar it was understood and agreed that the Jews were to pay a tax to the
Romans but the Romans were not to interfere with the Jewish religion. This took the
executive power out of the hands of the Jews and put it into the hands of the Romans.
This is the reason Jesus was sent to Pilate to be executed. The Romans had to carry out
and execute the decisions of the Jewish Courts on all Jewish questions. This is the reason
Herod Antipas was tried by the Roman Senate; he had executed John the Baptist without
a trial. Then we see why the Jews and Romans worked together on all questions of law;
hence the great excitement of both nations. This is the reason why Pilate made his report
to Caesar.

Now I say no event creating so much excitement could take place without more or less
record being made of it; for if the Scripture is true – and I believe it is
– there never was a man on earth who had so many followers in so short a time.
Caiaphas says Jesus had been preaching three years, and he then had more followers than
Abraham. This causes me to say again that if the New Testament records are not true that
is no man dare to say these are the identical items, but items like these, and why not
these? They came from the right place. The parchments and scrolls upon which they are
written are such as were used in those days, but to say these are the same is to say what
no man dares to say. The time has been too long and the distance to the place where the
records are kept is too great for all men to make the examination for themselves, hence I
ask all to consider this question fairly.

Let me invite the attention of the reader to the known histories in this country. Dr. Rashi,
D. D. who wrote in Paris in the twelfth century, says in Vol. III, page 190, that in the
formation of the ancient libraries there were men appointed called “baalie suphoths”,
which means “book-compilers.” The business of these men was to take the sheets of
parchment of the various authors and pin their dates together, hind them in bundles and
have them bound with clasps between cedar boards. This was a trade, and it required the
best of scholars to do it. They were called baalie suphoths We find that the works of Philo
were compiled by Pseudonymaus Joseph Ben Gorion, A, D. 150, This Ben Corion was a
Jewish rabbi, a Pharisean doctor, Josephus was compiled by Ek-aba, another Jewish
doctor, at the close of the second century; and so with all the historians who lived near
the Christian era. Josephus was published in book-form by Havercamp, in Amsterdam, in
1729, Now all he had to guide him was what Ben Gorion had said, So it was with Philo,
which was put in book-form by Mangey, in London,.in 1742, all he had was what Ekaba
had pleased to compile of his works, and, as there was deadly hatred between the Jews
and Christians at that time, it is most reasonable to believe that those compilers would
leave everything out that would favor the Christians, It was to their own interest at that
time to bury the very name of Christ in eternal oblivion; and this is the reason that all the
historians who lived and wrote in those days are made to say so very little about Christ or
his followers.

Now in looking over the histories we find comparatively nothing said about Jesus Christ.
Such a thing could not be if the New Testament is true. No man could make me believe
that such events occurred as are recorded in the Scriptures without accounts of them
being made in the State records and by the public writers of that day. Although I have had
this thrown in my face so often by infidels, I never saw the reason till I commenced this
investigation; and if any man will take the pains to examine this question he will find that
all the sophers, or scribes, were Pharisees; they were doctors, lawyers, orators, poets, and
statesmen of the times, The Hillel and Shammai schools made more scholars than all the
world besides in the last days of the Jewish Commonwealth, Almost every nation under
the sun patronized these schools.

Now, being satisfied that I was on the right track, the next thing was to find out what had
become of the original manuscripts, Had Rothgad, Havercamp, and Mangey destroyed
the manuscripts when they were done with them? This I knew could not he, from the fact
that these parchments were either in the hands of government of individual libraries, and
they could not destroy them or take then away; and I knew if these manuscripts had been
kept till 1754 they must be in existence yet, Only a few years ago there were one hundred
and twenty-eight volumes of manuscripts presented to the British Museum, which were
looked upon with interest, and, while I am writing this, there comes to my head a
dispatch from Vienna to the London Times, I will give it in full, as I think it will be
beneficial to the reader, The dispatch is as follows:

“Ancient Manuscripts”

The sifting and arrangement of the papyrus collection bought by
Archduke Rainer have led to further interesting discoveries, Of the hieroglyphic, hieratic,
demotic, and Coptic papyri, about twenty date from the pre-Christian period, Among
these is one nearly three thousand years old, in the hieratic letter, containing the
representation of a funeral, with a well preserved sketch of the deceased, some
hieroglyphic legends, and a demotic papyrus on the subject of mathematics, Much more
numerous are the Coptic documents, about one thousand in all, mostly letters and legal
documents of the period from the sixth to the tenth century of our year. There are some
important papyri containing translations of the Bible in the central Egyptian dialect, of
which there have hitherto been found but few specimens; and a leaf of parchment from an
old octavo edition of the book of Ruth, in the Sahidi dialect. “Among the Greek papyri is
a hitherto unknown speech of Isocrates, one of the finest specimens of Alexandrian calligraphy.

Another fragment has been found of the book of the Thucydides manuscript previously mentioned.
Portions, also, have been discovered of the Iliad and a paraphrase of the Fourth Book.
Then a metanvia has been found dating from the beginning of the fourth century, being thus
one of the oldest Christian manuscripts. The collection contains many well-preserved documents
in an almost continuous series of the Roman and Byzantine emperors, beginning with Trajan and
ending with Heraclius.

“There are also documents in the Iranic and Semitic languages. The former are
written on papyrus, parchment and skins, and among them are two fragments which,
it is believed, will furnish the key to the Pehlewi language. Among the Arab papyri
twenty-five documents have been found with the original leaden seals attached. They
begin with a fragment of the fifty-fourth year of the Hegira. Another is an official
document of the nineteenth year of the Hegira, appointing a revenue collector. Perhaps
the most valuable part of the collection is one hundred and fifty-five Arabian documents,
on cotton paper, of the eighth century, which is about the time of the invention of this
material by the Arabs, to the year 953 Many thousands of manuscripts have still to be

In the early centuries there was a good deal of what is known as the “Apologetical
Writings.” I made it my business to examine these writings, and found them to be a
defense of Christianity. The first of this form of writing was presented to the Emperor
Adrian by Quadratus, in the year 126 AD A portion of this we find in Eusebius, page 93
There was another by Aristides, at about the same time. These two authors are found only
in fragments, preserved by other historians, and their writings are mainly pleas for
clemency for those who professed Christianity and were being persecuted.

Justin Martyr also wrote twice on this subject once to the Roman Senate and once to
Antonius. These were published in English by 41. Reeves, in 1709, at Leipsic.

Tertullian wrote two volumes, and Vincentius wrote a commentary on them. These are
found at Paris. They are very valuable works—perhaps the most valuable of the ancient
writings-from the fact, recorded in the, that the Christians, in giving reasons for asking
favors, refer to the records made by the Jews and Jewish writers as well as the reports of
the Roman officers who were the governors of Judea at that time; and of course their
reference to these records demonstrates that the records were there.
In Tertullian, Vol. II, page 29, Vincentius says the Christians’ argument was based on the
doctrine of the Bible, showing that the God of the Christians could save, and referred the
pagans to the many instances where he had interposed and saved, when none but a God
like the Christians’ God could save. For, said they, what can a God made of wood or
brass do in time of danger? They had no power to put forth and exert themselves to save
Vincentius says the pagan would answer that these images were the representations of
their gods; that these gods of wood and iron, had invisible spirits that exerted as much power
as the God of the Christians. Vincentius says he did not see much difference in their doctrines
when they got to understand each other.

I remember that, while on the ship, we had an Irish priest on board, and in conversation
one day while asking him about many things in the Catholic Church I inquired why he
had a crucifix hanging in his room. Said I, “You do not think there is any virtue in that
image of brass?” “No,” said he, “No more than there was in the serpent of brass that
Moses made and placed on a pole. There was no healing virtues in that brass, but the
bitten Israelite believed in the command, which belief or faith controlled his action, and
produced obedience; hence he was healed,” And so, he said in this case, he no more
believed there were any saving qualities in that image than I believe my mother’s picture
could be to me a mother.

Let the reader refer to the first centuries and mark what a disputation there was in the
ancient church about pictures. May we not flow back into it? And as this subject of
picture worship created so much dissatisfaction in the first centuries it may do so again.
While investigating this question I found that Arcadius, the eldest son of Theodosius the
Great, succeeded his father to the throne in AD 395, and divided the Roman Empire into
what was known in that day as the Eastern and Western Empires.

Arcadius chose the Eastern and fixed his seat of government at Constantinople, and made
his brother Honoris Emperor of the Western9 fixing his seat of government at Rome. It
was not long until their jealousy was kindled, which resulted in hatred and terminated in a
war which finally proved their overthrow. In reading the Ante— Nicene Fathers,
published in Edinburgh in twenty-four octave volumes, in Vol. XII,, page 114, it is said
that the beginning of this war was on account of Honoris wishing to have his young
princes educated at Constantinople free of charge, giving as his reason that the great
library there had once belonged to Rome, When his brother Arcadius refused he tried to
get the library divided, and Arcadius refused this also. They then went to war, and while
the two brothers were thus engaged Alaricus engaged the Western Empire and overthrew
it. In hunting through this vast library of books I found what was called the Homilies of
Clementine; Vol. XIII,, page 194; there were the Apocryphas gospels, Acts and
Revelations, with all the writings of the Apostolic Fathers, including the laws of the High
Priest, the laws of the Temple service, the Records of the Sanhedrim, giving the Jewish
laws and customs for hundreds of years, with all the treaties and records of the courts.
Now, my idea was that if these records were found in the library of the Vatican at Rome
and in the Seraglio and Atmedan libraries at Constantinople and Alexandria, so these men
could get them nearly three hundred years ago, why are they not there now?

Dr. Isaac Wise, who is President of the Hebrew School at Cincinnati, and, by the way,
one of the best Hebrew scholars in America, in his History of the Commonwealth of
Israel, frequently quotes from the Talmuds and Sanhedrim, giving reference to the
various circumstances, and often gives the name of the scribe who did the writing; and so
I find these records have always been in the hands of the Jewish rabbis, and you need not
tell me these things have been only produced by the later Jewish nation, for we find
quotations made at the time and by the men who lived in the days of Christ, Those
quotations correspond with other history we have of the same events, and the only
difference is that he Jewish rabbis put a different construction on those events from what
the Christians do, This is the great difficulty, after all; like a celebrated lawyer9 after
reading this book, told his friend it convinced him of the truth of the facts in the
Scriptures, but it did not convince him of its spiritual definition, This is the final point of
importance, when the soul is lost or saved—that is, to take the facts of the Scriptures and
yield to them as spiritual truth, Colens the First, who was an Epicurean philosopher,
wrote a treatise against Christianity and was answered by Origen, This work is in eight
volumes It was published in Paris, by Vallart, in 1746, In this work the disputants
appealed alternately to these writings, to the reports made by the Romans, and show
clearly that the whole of the Jewish doctrines, records and all, were then in possession of
the Romans.

Nero refused to believe in these things, which he might have done if he had taken the
pains to look into these sacred treasures of learning that we found on file in the Senate
chamber; hut Origen says Nero was only moved by ambition ,with the love of destruction
before his eyes. He never stopped to consider nor consult the opinions or wishes of others,
Here again, I found an unintentional reference to these things, Now the reader must
remember that the records were there at that time, for no one disputed the fact; but in
proving the unnecessary hostility of Nero, Origen makes mention of these other facts,
showing the records to be in the city of Rome, how they came there, and what they
taught; that is, a part of these records were brought from Jerusalem and were the writings
of the Jews and the Romans who had been officers’ in the Jewish kingdom by Roman
authority, and these were Roman officers, which made them a part of and responsible to
the Roman government, Can any intelligent man believe that these men would have been
allowed to transact the business of the Romans and no records be made of it in the
archives of the government? Such a thing is most absurd. The reader will bear in mind
that government among the Jews, Creeks, and Romans was much more strictly
administered than in this country, and all such records as referred to the actions of the
courts and the government officers had to be preserved. I now ask the attention of the
reader to the investigation of the preservation of the sacred parchments from which come
our Bible.

First to the works of Benjamin Kennicott, D,D,, entitled Vetus Testamentum, published
in England in 1780, This is only a little more than one hundred years ago. We find that he
got from the Codex of Hillel six hundred manuscripts, When did this HIllel live? The
author of the Codex lived about one hundred years after the Christ- fan era, Dr, Kennicott
also got sixteen manuscripts from the Samaritan Pentateuch, Then I ask attention to John
C, Rosenmulier, of 1736, at Leipsic, to his Librarium, five volumes, also his Scholia
Testament, all from manuscript, Then to Brian Walton, D,D,, born at Yorkshire in 1600,
who published his polyglot Bible from manuscript (Hebrew), Because these are given to
us by great men, and they suit our notions, they are never doubted; and it is too apt to be
the case in our ad captandum, we are not likely to investigate as closely as we should,
And, again, we are apt to be more inclined to investigate those things that are suited to our tastes
and in-C terests; but while certain things are interesting to us we should never
forget that there are other things equally interesting to others; and while we may be
interested only in the sacred histories that make or our peace, and although the testimony
of our enemies may not be very pleasant to hear, we should remember that the salvation
of others may depend on such testimony.

We should not be opposed to any evidence that may give strength to any subject and
thereby redound to good in a general way, specially if this evidence does not have a
tendency to weaken our faith. It is so with this book; it cannot weaken the faith of the
Christian who have believed without foreign testimony, but brings strong corroborative
testimony to enable others who are less credulous than we to believe, Hence In the
examination of the various versions of the Bible and of the manner in which they were
dug up out of the old manuscripts, from the rubbish of the ancient world, difficulties are
encountered, and others may not believe as readily as we do, Duranzo, a Creek historian,
who wrote thirty-six volumes in Constantinople at the close of the seventh and the
beginning of the eighth century, in referring to the prosperity of the city and nation, says,
in Vol. XIII,, page 54, that Constantinople enjoyed educational advantages over all other
titles, and that this was due, to some extent, to the fact that the Christians under the
instructions of their Emperor, had gathered and brought there literature from all parts of
the world, and it was the great seat of learning of the world On page 128 he refers to a
war that was carried on about the great library that had been brought there by the Roman
Emperor when he embraced Christianity, Again he says, that when Mohammed locked up
the great library he excluded the learned and with them the wealth of the city. In Vol.
XIVO, page 179 in speaking of the battle of Tanze, he says it was fought over the sacred
books that had been deposited there by the ancient Christians. From these indirect
references I discovered there must be great deposits of sacred literature in these old
libraries. These histories are in the Paris library for the inspection of anyone.
Notwithstanding the art of printing has a tendency to do away with and supersede the
written Scriptures, yet there are many valuable manuscripts in the existence, some of
which are of great value in the interpretation of the Scriptures.

First, the Hebrew manuscripts. These are either rolls designed for the use of synagogues,
or square manuscripts, designed for private use. The former are all on parchment and
written with the greatest care and accuracy. The others are written on vellum or paper.
Dr. Kennicott says all that are now to be had were written between the tenth and
fourteenth centuries. Of course these were written from the originals; how often they
have been rewritten in fourteen hundred years we cannot say, but we know there are
many opportunities for change. These manuscripts have been collated by Dr. Kennicott
and Dr. Rossi, and amount to 1135; but it is more than probable that as the Jewish rabbis
did this work they may have left out many things that appeared to them contrary.
The next are the Greek. Of these manuscripts immense numbers still exist. Dr. Holmes
has collected l35. Some of these are preserved from the fourth century. Of course, these
are not the records that were made when the events they record took place. Now, reader,
our present Bible comes from these manuscripts. The first English Bible was published
by J. Wickliffe in 13609 just ninety years before printing was invented.

The first Bible printed in our language was by William Tyndale, assisted by Miles
Cloverdale, in l526 When Tyndale was executed for heresy by the Catholics, his works
were continued by Cloverdale and John Rogers. This book was suppressed time and
again, and reprinted by different parties until it went through twenty-two different parties
until it went through twenty-two different editions. The last was that which proceeded
from the Hampton Court conference in low There were so many errors in the Bishop’s
Bible that King James’s Bible was put on foot and printed in 1611.

Now suppose we consider the many Bibles published by different sects, nations, and
individuals, and all coming from these Hebrew, Greek, and Latin manuscripts. The reader
must know that the manuscripts have gone through many hands. This we know from the
fact that we find Bible manuscripts still in existence, and from these we find Greek
manuscripts, Samaritan manuscripts taken from the Hebrew, the Spanish manuscripts, the
German manuscripts, the Italian manuscripts, and many others. The reader is referred to
the Bodleian Library in the British Museum, and to the libraries at Leyden, Paris, and
Rome. We also have some in America, at Philadelphia, in the libraries of the Quakers and
in the library of the Antiquarian Society.

The manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible were compiled in the second century. But they
never were translated till AD 607, by Bishop Adheim, under the direction of King Alfred.
There were a number of parts of these Hebrew manuscripts translated in the second
century in the Arabic Language. It was printed for the Propaganda at Rome, in 1671, in
three volumes. The Armenian version was made in the fourth century of the Christian era
by Miesrob and Isaac, and printed at Amsterdam by Uskin, and Armenian bishop, who
was charged by his enemies with following the Vulgata, It was printed at Constantinople
in 1705; at Venice in 1805, The Coptic New Testament was published by Wilkins at
Oxford, 1716.

The Vulgate is an ancient manuscript taken from the Hebrew and translated into the Latin
in the second century; also one of the Greek and one of the Syriac, These are all of the
same date, This Vulgate in the Latin was used in Africa, The Church at Rome was under
Creek control at this time and rejected the Latin Vulgate, and used what was called at that
time the Vedus Latina, or old Latin. This is the history of Tertullian, Vol. I. page 202.
In the fourth century Jerome tells us there was another translation of the Vulgate, under
the instruction of St. Augustine and St. Jerome recommends this in the highest terms,
About the fifth century there was another translation made, which is called the Codex, in
the Latin language, There was one at Alexandria, one in the Vatican, and one at Sinai,
Parts of these are preserved in the British Museum, They were presented to King Charles
by Cyril Lucar, who was patriarch at Constantinople and had been patriarch at Alexandria,
and brought these books with him, The Codex of Sinai is in one Greek, and is the same
that Dr. Tischendorf found and was declared by the scholars of Leipsic to have been
written in the fourth century. In the year 748 of the Roman Empire and 330 of the Christian
era Constantine the Great removed his seat of empire from Rome to Byzantium, and
took with him all the records of the Christians to that city, as will be shown in a letter from him
in this book in regard to having the Holy Scriptures in manuscript, and having fifty volumes bound
and kept on deposit, When Mohammed took possession of Constantinople he had too much respect
for these sacred scrolls to let them be destroyed, but had them all nicely cased and
deposited in the St. Sophia Mosque, History informs us bf the dreadful struggle that took
place between the Greeks and Romans over the sacred parchments in the days of the
Crusades; and it seems to us that Divine Providence has had something to do with the
preservation of these sacred writings, These scrolls look more like rolls of narrow carpet
wound round a windlass than anything else, But as I have described them elsewhere I will
not attempt a further description here.

Another question arises in the mind of the reader, and that is: How was it possible for
these writings to be preserved so long? I answer that there are many works much older
than these in existence, Homer is 900 years older, Why not these? Another reason why
these writings have not been brought before the world is that no man has searched for
these chronicles as I have done, After getting hold of Acta Pilati as I did, accidentally, I
made the investigation of these questions my special business for ten years –
corresponding with many historians and scholars, sending for all the books that could
instruct me on these great questions, engaging two expert scholars, Drs, McIntosh of
Scotland, and Twyman, of England, and going to the city of Rome, paying our way
through the Vatican, and then to Constantinople, where we examined those ancient
records, sparing neither time nor expense to acquire a knowledge of them, Then it may be
asked again May not I be deceived? May not these men have imposed upon me? To this I
would say: That is impossible. Then it might he argued Might not these writings have
been manufactured to make money out of? If so, it was a poor business, for this is the
first and only book ever produced from them, It certainly was a bad speculation on their
part. But one says: Did not Gregory IX, burn twenty cartloads of these Talmuds? Who
says so but a Jewish rabbi? If he did, they were the Talmuds of Babylon, and not those of
Jerusalem? No man could go into the Vatican library without a guard over him, who
watches him closely, so that he cannot move a leaf or change a word or letter of anything
-chat is there, If they will not consent to even the slightest change, it is not probable they
would burn their works, Men from all over the world are there, Often when we crossed
the Tiber, before it was fairly light, there were a thousand strangers between us and St.
Peter’s gate, waiting to be admitted at the opening of the gate that leads into the Vatican.
One more evidence to the reader: There are at least five hundred quotations made from
the Sanhedrim and Talmuds of the Jews by men who have denied their existence. Now I
call attention to history, and I will give the name and page, s that all can read for

First: Rabbi Akiba, a reformed Jewish priest, Vol. I, page 22, quotes from Celsus, an
enemy of the Church, He says there was a dreadful earthquake at the time Jesus was
crucified, and that the mist that arose from it covered the earth for three hours. On page
28 he says that Jesus was the son of Mary; that he was the founder of the sect called Christians,
On page 8 he says Jesus was crucified on the eve of the Passover, He gives
extracts from the apostles, and never denies in a single instance, but admits their
genuineness, He quotes the books, and makes extracts from the names they bear, He
makes particular mention of his incarnation, of his being born of a virgin, of his being
worshipped by the Magi; of his flight into Egypt; of the massacre of the infants of
Bethlehem, On page 52 he speaks of his baptism by John and the descent of the Holy
Spirit in the form of a dove, and of the voice that was heard out of heaven, He speaks of
the miracles done by Jesus, and never doubts the facts in any instance, but attributes them
to the art of necromancy he had learned in Egypt, But did the reader ever hear of a
thaumaturgist producing a descent of the Holy Spirit or causing voices to be heard from
the heavens? Such absurdities are not spoken of except when they are urged against the
Christian religion.

Aretas, one of the kings of Arabia, who was a philosopher as well as a king in speaking
of the laws of nature (Vol. VII, Page 14), says that Jesus of Judea was a philosopher
above the laws of nature; that he controlled all the elements of nature with almighty
power; that the winds, thunders, and lightnings obeyed him; and speaks of these facts as
being so common that it would be folly to dispute them.

Justin says, in Vol. II, page 42, that the several Roman governors in their respective
provinces made reports of the important events that occurred in their jurisdiction, and
they were spread on the senatorial dockets at Rome, We find in this same work, page 128,
that he appealed to Antoninus and the Senate for clemency for the Christians, and after
referring to their many virtues, and to Christ as their leader, added: “And that these things
are so, I refer you to the records of the Senate made by Pontius Pilate and others in his
day,” The learned Tertullian, in his Apology for Christianity, about the year 200, after
speaking of our Savior’s Crucifixion and Resurrection, and his appearance to the
disciples, and ascension into heaven in the sight of the same disciples, who were ordained
by him to spread the gospel over the world, thus proceeds: “Of all these things relating to
Christ, Pilate himself, in his conscience already a Christian, sent an account to Tiberius,
then Emperor”, The same writer in the same apology thus relates the proceedings of
Tiberius on receiving this information: “There was an ancient decree that no one should
be received for a deity unless he was first approved by the Senate, Tiberius, in whose
time the Christian name (or religion) had its rise, having received from Palestine, in Syria,
an account of such things as confirmed the truth of his (Christ’s) divinity, proposed to the
Senate that he should be enrolled among the Roman gods, and gave his own prerogative
vote in favor of the motion; but the Senate, without whose consent no deification could
take place, rejected it because the Emperor himself had declined the same honor,
Nevertheless, the Emperor persisted in his opinion, and threatened punishment to the
accusers of the Christians, Search your own commentaries (or public writings), you will
there find that Nero was the first who raged with the imperial sword against this sect,
then rising most at Rome (Horns Introduction, Vol. I, Page 82).
No, I would ask: If there were no such records there, would these men have made such
appeals? And if they were there, could such things be forged and palmed off on the
Roman Senate? It seems to me to ask the question is enough, Now, if any man will trace
out these things he will find that I have as much reason for believing the genuineness of
the contents of this book, as I have to believe the genuineness of the Scriptures, looking
at the question from a human standpoint, First, you must know that the manuscript from
which this book was taken has not gone through so many translations nor been put in so
many different languages, from the fact that it is not to be found in another language; and,
secondly, there was no necessity for it, and as to this being forged there was no occasion
for that, from the fact it favors no religious denomination, if advocates the tenets of no
religious sect, Now I am convinced there was such a man as Herod Antipater, and I know
that he could not kill all the male children in a city without giving reasons for it, and there
must have been more or less record made of it, I am convinced there was such a man as
Herod Antipas, and I know he dare not behead such a man as John the Baptist is
represented to be, without a trial, without having to account to some court, I know that
Pilate was a Roman officer, and his actions were watched closely and all his public acts
had to be recorded upon the Roman dockets.

I do not see why these records should have been destroyed, I am convinced the Jews at
that day were looking for a Redeemer, and when the great excitement was reported at
Bethlehem it would be not unreasonable that the Jews should make an investigation of
the matter; and, again, I know if the Scriptures are true Mary was subject to the death
penalty unless she could satisfactorily prove her innocence, I was convinced the Jews
must have looked into this matter, and that it would be found recorded somewhere, I
knew that if there were such a man as they represented Jesus to be, he couldn’t be tried in
the high priest’s court and condemned to death and executed by the Roman authorities,
unless there were some record made of it by both the Hews and Romans, Here we have
the whole of these records, and why are they not true? They comport with the Bible; they
are just the records we should expect from the Scriptures; they were made or dated at the
right time; they came from thr place where these records were made; they were written in
the same language that was used at that time, Now, if all this is so, why are they not true?
I offer this book to the public feeling assured it can do no harm to anyone or to any
church, but that it will be read by thousands with great interest, and will convince the
infidel of the truth of the Scriptures. As Dr. Miller observed: “This book never was
needed until now, and it is like all Cod’s provinces, always brought out at the right time,”
Another minister wrote to say he “was more than delighted”, it was like calling up the
dead; all the circumstances of Calvary were brought vividly before him, and when he
read second report he both wept and rejoiced, Such is the testimony of almost everyone
who reads it.

In an extract from a private letter to the Brunswicker Dr, Rubin says:
“I saw, while in the Vatican at Rome last week, Dr. W, D, Mahan, of Boonville, Mo,.,
Drs, McIntosh and Twyman, of Scotland, with a number of clerks, both readers and
scribes, going through these old manuscripts and scrolls that have been lying there for
hundreds, yea, thousands of years; they seem to be men of great age and learning, and
well qualified for their business, They were going next week to Constantinople to go
through the records of the Sanhedrim and the ancient Talmuds of the Jews, Their object is
to bring out a new book as a supplement to Acta Pilati, I am satisfied, from the character
of the men and the nature of the book, it will prove to be one of the most interesting books
ever presented to the Christian world, from the fact that all the works on
archaeology have been written in such a style that but very few could read and
understand them.”

Constantinople, Turkey, October 16, 1893

Dear Friends: I take pleasure in addressing you this letter, As I feel assured I am doing a
good work for my Father who is in heaven. Then, friends, permit me to say to you that I
was introduced to my friend, N, D. Mahan, of Boonville, Mo., by my friends of Leipsic,
Germany. I engaged to meet him in Paris, France, and when he showed me his plans and
the subjects that he wanted, and showed me his notes of reference, the names of others,
and books that he had been hunting for ten years, I became satisfied that if we could
succeed he would bring out one of the best books ever offered to the Christian world
except the Bible. We repaired to the Vatican at Rome, received permission to examine
the greatest library in the world, and to my astonishment the first thing we called for was
brought to hand in a short time. I mean Pilate’s reports, which were more than
satisfactory. The next were the Senate’s records respecting the investigation of Herod
Antipater’s conduct at Bethlehem, and Herod Antipas on various charges (one of which
was the execution of John the Baptist), the Hillel letters, and the Shammai laws. We then
proceeded to Constantinople and went through the records of the Sanhedrim and Talmuds
of the Jews that were carried there and preserved by Constantine in the year 337, Here we
found Melker’s letter (who was priest at Bethlehem at the time that Jesus of Nazareth was
born) in respect to the prophecy concerning the birth of Jesus, which is very deep and
profound. Next we came upon the report of Gamaliel, who was sent by the Sanhedrim to
interrogate Joseph and Mary concerning the child Jesus, which will prove to be one of the
most interesting subjects that was ever read by man. Then the next thing we found was
the report of Caiaphas to the Sanhedrim. When read it will awaken the minds of men and
give a very different view of this matter to what we have had.

After we had finished the report, Brother Mahan insisted that we would unwind the scroll
further, and in doing so we found his second report, which caused us to weep like
children, and we both thanked God that we continued the search. We also found many
strange historical items, such as will be of great interest to the world at this time. And as
Brother Mahan is going to publish his book in America, I can most heartily recommend it.

H. McIntosh,
Market Place, City of Rome, Italy

Dear Wife: It seems long since I left home, but God is here as well as in America, and it
is my chief delight to report you and the children to his throne of mercy daily. I was
landed at Marseilles, France, after twelve days out from New York. We had a splendid
trip, all but the first two days. We left New York in a gale, and I must confess I was very
much alarmed; it seemed to me the water was much higher all around us than where the
ship was. That made it more frightful, for it looked as if the ship sunk or was sinking for
the first two days. She was sometimes on her end, then on her side, and then would seem
to turn almost over; but every tilt she made I prayed St. Peter’s prayer, I think I did more
praying the first two days than I had done in two years, But the second day I began to cast
up my accounts, not with my Maker, nor with my creditors, but with my stomach. I was
awful sick.

Captain Stikes said the storm in starting out made it much worse on us than it would have
been if the weather had been clear and calm, but the third day the sea began to calm, and
so did my stomach. I was able to ‘n out in the evening, but we were still going up hill; we
had no further trouble all the way, but after three or four days it looked as if I would
never get enough to eat. Our fare was poor, much more so than on the English line; so I
was told by men that had traveled both lines. I shall return by another route.
I met Dr. McIntosh at St. Elgin waiting for me. He is one of the nicest old men and one of
the finest scholars I ever met. I feel ashamed in his presence, though he is so grand and
noble he can hide my own defects from me better than I can myself. He was very much
surprised when I showed him my notes of reference. He did not see how I could get hold
of these things so far away.

We found Dr. Twyman and his men at the Vatican, and we are working bravely. The very
first thing the guard brought was Acta Pilati; the Doctor was delighted when he saw it.
We have two guards; one brings the articles as we call for them; the other sits and
watches to see that the books and parchments are not mutilated. Today was the day of the
Pope’s holy auditory. We were taken in by the guard, and I must confess I never had such
feelings in all my life. The room is, I suppose, three hundred feet or more square; there
must have been ten or twelve hundred in the congregation, all men, mostly priests and

The Pope is a venerable old man. I saw nothing different in his dress from any other
priest; nothing gaudy about him. He sang the mass in the pure old Latin language; his
voice was clear and sweet. After he was through quite a number of the priests came and
knelt at his feet. He laid his hands gently on each of their heads and pronounced a
blessing, but they did not kiss his great toe. I never saw as solemn a congregation in my
life; in fact, it would be impossible for a man to be otherwise in that great room.

The dome of this room surpasses all the sights my eyes ever beheld; it contains hundreds
of windows in the form of eyes with golden lids and lashes, all emitting rays of light of
various colors. They seemed so natural I thought I could almost see them wink. They are
to represent the all-seeing eye. These eyes are the light of the room. The scene of
magnificence beggars description. There are too many things to be described.

We have all the textbooks we need, Buxtorf, Gesenius, Laportees, and others. We will get
through in the Vatican in a few days. We will leave Dr. Twyman and three clerks here, as
we find the Hillelite letters and Shemiate and Abtalian laws here in book form. They will
translate such parts of them as we want and send them to me they will come in a roll. If
they come before I get home, take special care of them.

Dr. McIntosh and I, with one clerk, will go to Constantinople in a day or two. The Doctor
has been there, and he thinks he will find all that I want in the St. Sophia Library. He says
the twenty cartloads of Talmuds that history tells us were burned by Gregory IL were the
Talmuds of Babylon, but the Talmuds of Jerusalem are all safe, and so are the records of
the Jerusalem Sanhedrim; that these documents were carried there by Constantine. If so,
that is all I want. The Doctor thinks it will be one of the most important books ever
brought before the public, except the Bible, as it would give the pros and cons of the
outside world at that time. But I have so many things I would like to say and it is now
after 1 o’clock AM. As to home affairs, I am too far off to say anything more, besides I
have all confidence in your judgment. I think now that I will be at home by the 10th or
15th of December, and I shall write no more unless something happens. May God bless
you; farewell.

W. D. Mahan
Columbia, Mo. January 25, l887

This is to certify that I am well acquainted with the Rev, W. D. Mahan, of Boonville, Mo.
I have known him well for a number of years, having spent several months at his house at
different times. I was at his house in Boonville, Mo., shortly after his return (as he then
stated to me) from Rome and Constantinople. I gave him some assistance in recopying
some of his manuscripts for his book. I saw, examined, and to some extent assisted in
arranging the various subjects and chapters in his book.

Judging from the handwriting of said manuscripts, there must have been two or more
persons engaged in writing thorn, as there was a distinct difference in the handwriting. I
was impressed at the time with the belief, from the writing and spelling that the parties
were of foreign birth and education.

I have no interest in this matter, and make the above statement at the request and in
justice to the Rev. W. ., Mahan, as an old and valued friend,

J. B. Douglass

Personally appeared before me, a notary public, within and for the county of Boone, and
State of Missouri, General 3, B, Douglass, to me well known, and made affidavit to the
foregoing certificate,
Witness my hand and notarial seal hereto affixed at Columbia, Mo., this 25th day of
January AD 1887.

Frank D. Evans,

Notary Public,
State of Missouri, County of Cooper, ss,
Be it known that on this, the 12th day of January, AD 1887, personally came before me,
the undersigned, clerk of the Circuit Court of Cooper County, in the State of Missouri,
John S. McFarland, well known to me to be a reputable citizen of the city of Boonville, Mo., who,
being by me first duly sworn, on his oath says: I have been personally
acquainted with Rev. W. D. Mahan for sixteen years or more, and have always found him
to be honorable and trustworthy, and a very useful minister in the Church to which he
belonged. To my knowledge he was for some time previous to 1883 engaged in preparing
himself for a trip to Europe, and that in the fall of 1883 he took leave of his family and
friends and started for the cities of Rome and Constantinople to investigate those old
records that he said he had found was there on archaeology. After he had been gone
borne time his wife received a letter from him dated at Rome, Italy. I did not see the
postmarks on the letter, but understood it was from Rome.

After some months Mr., Mahan returned and brought quote a lot of manuscripts with him,
some of which he read to me, and which were very interesting. These are as near the facts
in the case as I can remember at this time.

John S. McFarland

Subscribed and sworn to before me, on this the 12th day of January, 1887.
Witness my hand and official seal,

Charles A, Houk,

Clerk of Circuit Court of Cooper County, Mo,
State of Missouri, County of Cooper, ss,
Be it known that on this 12th day of January, AD 1887, personally came before me, the
undersigned, clerk of the Circuit Court of Cooper County, in the State of Missouri, R, W,
Whitlow and W. C. Pendleton, composing the firm of Whitlow & Pendleton, real estate
and loan agents, of the city of Boonville, in said county, who, being by me first duly
sworn, on their oaths say: We have known the Rev. W. D. Mahan, of Boonville, Mo., for
period of more than ten years. He came to our office in the fall of 1883 and told us he
was going to Rome with a view to collect materials for a book which he intended to write,
and that he had not sufficient money to defray the expenses of the trip; at his request we
loaned him two hundred dollars. Shortly afterward Mr. Mahan disappeared from
Boonville, and it was a considerable while before we again met him here at Boonville,
when he informed us he had made the trip to Rome, Italy, during the time of his
disappearance. A letter purporting to have been written by the said Mahan to his wife
from Rome, Italy, was published in a newspaper at Boonville, Mo, Soon after Mr. Mahan
reappeared at Boonville he published and circulated his book. Of course we did not
follow him to see him at Rome, but the foregoing are the facts within our knowledge.

R. E. Whitlow
W. C. Pendleton,

Subscribed and sworn to before me, on this the 12th day of January, l887
Charles A. Houk,
Clerk of Circuit Court, Cooper County Mo.